Between 1815 and 1890, the German book market experienced phenomenal growth, driven by German publishers' dynamic entrepreneurial attitude towards developing and distributing books. Embracing aggressive marketing on a large scale, they developed a growing sense of what their markets wanted. This study, based almost entirely upon primary sources including over seventy years of trade newspapers, is an in depth account of how and why this market developed-decades before there was any written theory about marketing.
This book is therefore about both marketing practice and marketing theory. It provides a uniquely well-researched account of how markets were developed in very sophisticated ways long before there was a formal discipline of marketing: for example, German publishers used segmentation at least 150 years before the first US articles on the subject appeared. Much of their experience was also shared by the UK and US book markets through international interactions between booksellers and other businessmen.
All scholars of marketing will find this historical account a fascinating insight into markets and marketing, This will also be of interest to social historians, scholars of German history, book trade and book trade historians.
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Written by a team of renowned experts in the field, Marketing: A Critical Textbook provides a unique introduction and overview of critical approaches to marketing.Ideally suited to advanced students of marketing, the book uses examples and 'real world' case studies to illustrate and discuss major alternative and critical perspectives on the subject, enabling students to constructively question the conventional assumptions, concepts and models with which they are already familiar.- Explains and debates key concepts in a clear, readable and concise manner.- Provides practical and innovative demonstrations of abstract and difficult concepts through classroom exercises and individual and group activities.- Includes a glossary of critical marketing terms.- Additional material on the companion website, including a full Instructor's Manual and free access to full-text journal articles for students.
The primary aim of this monograph is to provide a systematic state-of-the-art summary of the light scattering of bioparticles, including a brief consideration of analytical and numerical methods for computing electromagnetic scattering by single particles, a detailed discussion of the instrumental approach used in measurement of light scattering, an analysis of the methods used in solution of the inverse light scattering problem, and an introduction of the results dealing with practical analysis of biosamples.
Considering the widespread need for this information in optics, remote sensing, engineering, medicine, and biology, the book is useful to many graduate students, scientists, and engineers working on various aspects of electromagnetic scattering and its applications.
Written in an accessible and succinct style, the textbook illustrates key themes with clear graphics and relevant real-world examples. It discusses significant elements of marketing theory and the latest practices to allow undergraduate and graduate students to understand both traditional and more recent sports marketing practices. Sports Marketing explores the latest sports marketing business practices, helping marketers make effective management and marketing investment decisions. This comprehensive textbook discusses relevant marketing theory and related practices within sports marketing. Each theme will: * Define key sports marketing ingredients * Provide mini-case examples of various sports around the world * Offer end-of-chapter questions and exercises designed to affirm key topics and stimulate the reader's thinking, and * Describe measures of the various sports marketing activities. This textbook will prove an essential companion to students on marketing, business and various sport courses at an undergraduate and postgraduate level.
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